Toyota Sprinter

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Toyota Sprinter
Also calledChevrolet Nova
Geo Prizm
Toyota Corolla Sprinter
Holden Nova
AssemblyToyota City, Japan
RelatedToyota Corolla
Toyota Tercel
Toyota Sprinter Trueno
ManualService Manual

The Toyota Sprinter was a compact car manufactured by the Japanese automaker Toyota as a variation of the Toyota Corolla. Each generation of the Corolla had a corresponding version of the Sprinter.

The Sprinter was sold in the United States as the Chevrolet Nova and the Geo Prizm. The Nova and Prizm were manufactured in Fremont, California, USA by NUMMI, a joint venture between Toyota and General Motors. The Nova was also manufactured in Australia as a joint venture between Toyota and General Motors - Holden.

The Sprinter was never available as a hatchback until the name was changed to Toyota Allex in 1999. Now it is known as Toyota Blade 2006.


First Generation — E10 series

The first generation Sprinter was introduced in March 1968 as a fastback version of the first generation Corolla. This was the only version to include the word "Corolla" in its name. Like the rest of the Corolla range, the 1077 cc K engine was upgrade to the 1166 cc 3K engine in September 1969.

Second Generation — E20 series

In May 1970, the Sprinter was released as a variation of the second generation Corolla coupe. Toyota had promised it's Corolla dealers in Japan that they would receive exclusive rights to sell the Corolla. In order to sell through a second dealer network, the Sprinter was no longer called a Corolla, even though the differences were mostly cosmetic.

In Japan, the 3K engine was supplemented by a 1407 cc T engine in September 1970. Some markets received the 1588 cc 2T engine in March 1972. With the twincam 2T-G engine the vehicle was known as the Sprinter Trueno. As special model called the Sprinter Trueno J had everything the Trueno had except it used the single cam, twin carburettor 2T-B engine.

Third generation — E40, E60 series

1974 brought the third generation Sprinter based on the third generation Corolla coupe, 2 door sedan, 4 door sedan and liftback. Once again, the differences between the Corolla and Sprinter were mostly cosmetic. Sedans received a more formal upright grill, while the coupe and liftback received a sleeker, aerodynamic looking frontal treatment.

The Corolla's were given E30-38 codes while the Sprinter's were given corresponding E41-47 codes. When the Corolla range received a minor update in March 1974 to become the E50-55 series, the Sprinter received a corresponding update to become the E60 series.

Fourth generation — E70 series

The 1979 fourth generation Sprinter was based on the fourth generation Corolla coupe, 2 door sedan, 4-door sedan and liftback. As before, the differences were cosmetic - the Corollas had a simpler treatment of the grill, head lights and tail lights while the Sprinter used a slightly more complex, sculptured treatment.

Fifth generation — E80 series

The fifth generation Sprinter was based on the 1983 fifth generation Corolla range. Like the Corolla, the model line was split into FWD and RWD models. This was the last generation of Sprinters to have RWD, so it remains a favourite of sports car enthusiasts - particularly in drifting. Fame was brought to this model by its appearance in the Initial D Japanese animation.

The Japanese market Sprinter was available as the following models:

Type Code Layout Engines
4-door sedan EE80, AE80, AE81, AE82, CE80 FWD 2E, 3E, 2A, 4A-FE, 4A-GEU, 1-C
5-door liftback EE80, AE80, AE81, AE82 FWD 2E, 3E, 4A-FE, 4A-GE (aus)
2 door coupe (Trueno) AE85, AE86 RWD 3A-U, 4A-GEU, 4A-C, 4A-FE
3-door liftback (Trueno) AE85, AE86 RWD 3A-U, 4A-GEU, 4A-C, 4A-FE

The AE82 Sprinter sedan had slightly different head lamps compared to the AE82 corolla, 4 side windows, inclined c-pillar, different tail lamps the boot was placed a little higher and front aero grills were like the AE86 levins, it had an overall similarity with the AE86 Levin coupe. The RWD Sprinter came with pop-up head lamps (the Corolla had fixed head lamps) and the front bumper was raised a little to accommodate them. The US Corolla GTS shared the head lamps with the Japanese market AE86 Sprinter but with small differences. The Sprinter sold in Australia was actually identical to a Japanese market Corolla in all of its specifications (eg no pop-up head lamps, Japanese market tail lamps).

FWD grades:

  • ZX, SX
  • DX,Special DX
  • XL, Super XL, XL Lisse
  • SE, SE Saloon, Riviere
  • SR, GT twincam 16

RWD grades:

  • XL, SE, SR, GT, GTV, GT Apex, Black Limited

Sixth generation — E90 series

The sixth generation Sprinter was based on the sixth generation Corolla range, introduced in May 1987. They were offered as FWD & full time 4WD. The Sprinter was offered as a sedan, coupe, 5-door liftback and wagon.

The sedan and liftback had the same front ends but different rear ends. The JDM market Sprinter coupe had pop head lamps, but in this generation the RWD model was discontinued and all coupes were FWD.

The E9X frames were offered with a variety of engines:

Code Capacity Comment
2E 1295 cc
3E 1456 cc
4A-FE 1587 cc DOHC
4A-GE 1587 cc 16 valve, DOHC, GT grades only
4A-GE (20v) 1587 cc 20 valve, silver top, 160 hp (120 kW), DOHC, GT grades only
7A 1762 cc
4A-GZE (16v) 1587 cc 16 valve, supercharged, 160 hp (120 kW), DOHC

Out of all these engines the 4age 20v Silver Top was a revolutionary engine when it was offered in 1991, with features like VVT, individual throttle bodies (ITB's), a compression ratio of 10.8:1 and 5 valves per cylinder. This helped the car to accelerate from 0-100 km/h in approximately 6 seconds and reach a top speed of over 200 km/h. There was no other engine at that time that offered a 5 valve configuration, although Mitsubishi claimed that it offered one in the early 80's.

The e90 models started production in 1988 and ended in mid previous models it got mid life face lifts called (ZENKI)1st face &(KOUKI) 2nd face. the GT versions as usually got a front lip and a spoiler at the back.

The Sprinter was available as the following models:

Type Code Layout
sedan, coupe, liftback EE90, AE91, EE91, AE92 FWD
sedan, wagon AE93, AE94 4WD

The Sprinter was available in the following grades:

MX,MXsaloon, SE, XL, GT (other)

Seventh generation — E100 series

The seventh generation Sprinter was based on the seventh generation Corolla range introduced in June, 1991.

Eighth generation — E110 series

The eighth generation Sprinter was based on the eighth generation Corolla range from May, 1996. This is the last time Toyota used the Sprinter badge. After this, Toyota used the Allex badge for the Sprinters. The E110 Sprinter was only marketed in the Japanese market as a sedan. Its exterior was similar to the E110 Corolla but there were small differences like the Sprinter badges in the front grill and the interior.


2E-E, 5A-FE, 4A-FE, 4A-GE (16-valve), 4A-GE (20-valve), 2C

External links