Toyota MZ engine
|Manufacturer||Toyota Motor Corporation|
|Successor||Toyota GR engine|
The Toyota MZ engine family is a V6 piston engine series. The MZ series has an aluminium engine block and aluminium alloy DOHC cylinder heads. The cylinders are lined with cast iron, and is of a closed deck design (no open space between the bores). It uses multiport fuel injection (MFI), has 4 valves per cylinder and features a one-piece cast camshaft and cast aluminium intake manifold. The MZ family is a lightweight V6 engine of an all aluminium design, using lighter weight parts than the heavier duty VZ block engines in an effort to lower production costs, decrease engine weight, and decrease reciprocating weight without sacrificing reliability. Toyota sought to enhance the drivability pattern of the engine (over the 3VZ) at exactly 3000rpm, since that was the typical RPM for motors cruising on the highway. The result was less cylinder distortion (coupled with the decreased weight of rotating assemblies), smoother operation (less NVH) at that engine speed, and increased engine efficiency.
They feature cast aluminium pistons with an anti-friction resin coating (moly) and valve depressions on motors without VVT-i. They also use steel rings, smaller diameter, shot-peened rods, and a forged steel crankshaft.
The 1MZ-FE is a 3.0 L (2994 cc) engine. Bore is 87.5 mm and stroke is 83 mm. Output is 168-190 hp @ 5200-5400 rpm with 183-193 ft·lbf of torque at 4400 rpm. Horsepower ratings dropped after the Society of Automotive Engineers implemented a new power measurement system for vehicle engines. It has bucket tappets and was designed for good fuel economy without an overall performance trade-off.
The 1MZ-FE was on Ward's 10 Best Engines list for 1996.
- 1994–2002 Toyota Camry
- 1999–2003 Toyota Solara
- 1994-2003 Lexus ES 300 & Toyota Windom (Japanese domestic market)
- 1995-2004 Toyota Avalon & 2000 Toyota Pronard (Avalon for Japanese domestic market)
- 1997 Lexus RX300 & Toyota Harrier (Japanese domestic market)
- 2000 Toyota Estima (Japanese domestic market)
- 1998-2000 Toyota Sienna
The 1MZ-FE with VVT-i is used in the Avalon, Highlander, Sienna and Camry. Output is 210 hp (156 kW) at 5800 rpm with 222 ft·lbf (328 N·m) of torque at 4400 rpm. Early versions of the VVT-i 1MZ used a dual throttle body, cast aluminum intake manifold, and EGR block off plates on the exhaust manifolds. Later versions used an ABS plastic intake manifold to further weight reduction and decrease cost. These versions may also have drive-by-wire/electronic throttle control.
- 1997-2004 Toyota Avalon
- 2001-2003 Toyota Highlander/Kluger
- 2003-2006 Toyota Camry
- 2001-2003 Toyota Sienna
- 2002 Toyota Alphard (Japanese domestic market)
- 1999-2003 Lexus ES 300
- 1999-2003 Lexus RX300
The 2MZ-FE is a 2.5 L (2496 cc) engine replacing the 4VZ-FE as the worldwide 2.5 L V6. Bore is 87.5 mm and stroke is 69.2 mm. Output is 200 hp (150 kW) at 6000 rpm with torque of 180 lb·ft (244 N·m) at 4600 rpm.
- Toyota Camry
- Toyota Windom (Japanese domestic market)
- Toyota Mark II Qualis (Japanese domestic market)
The 3MZ-FE is a 3.3 L (3310 cc) version . Bore is 92 mm and stroke is 83 mm. Output is 225 hp (168 kW) with 240 lb·ft (325 N·m) of torque in the Camry and 215 hp (160 kW) with 222 lb·ft (301 N·m) of torque in the Sienna and Highlander. It also features VVT-i, ETCS-i (Electronic Throttle Control System - intelligent/DBW), ABS plastic intake, and increased throttle body diameter over the 1MZ. The 3MZ uses a new flat-type knock sensor, which is a departure from the typical resonator type knock sensor used on the previous MZs. Those MZs had poor knock control, or perhaps oversensitivity when detecting knock, and power loss up to 20hp may be realized due to erratic ignition timing (advance, retard, ...) when using an octane lower than 91. The new flat type knock sensor is a completely different design and detects more frequencies than the traditional resonator type, and thus, provides the ECU with more accurate data. A bolt goes through the center of the knock sensor, which then mates the sensor to the block on each bank.
- 2004-2006 Toyota Camry SE V6
- 2004- Toyota Camry Solara
- 2004-2006 Toyota Sienna
- 2003-2007 Toyota Highlander
- 2005- Toyota Highlander Hybrid
- 2003-2006 Lexus RX 330
- 2006-2009 Lexus RX 400h
- 2004-2006 Lexus ES 330
- 2006- Mitsuoka Orochi