Toyota Corolla E20

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Second generation
Second generation Toyota Corolla
AssemblyToyota City, Japan
Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
PredecessorCorolla E10
SuccessorCorolla E30
Body style(s)2-door coupe
2-door sedan
4-door sedan
3-door station wagon
5-door station wagon
3-door van
LayoutFR layout
Engine(s)1.2L I4
1.4L I4
1.6L I4
Wheelbase91.9 in (2334 mm)
Curb weight770 kg (1698 lb) to 850 kg (1874 lb)

The Corolla E20 was the second generation of cars sold by Toyota under the Corolla nameplate.

The second-generation KE2# / TE2# model, launched 1970, had "coke-bottle" styling. It had a longer 91.9 in (2334 mm) wheelbase. The front suspension design was improved greatly, using a swaybar, however the rear remained relatively the same. The Corolla became the second-best selling car in the world that year. Grades for sedan were Standard, Deluxe, and Hi-Deluxe. The coupé was offered in Deluxe, SL, SR, and Levin as well as Sprinter variants. The Sprinter Trueno was equivalent to the Corolla Levin.

The TE27 Levin is featured in video games Auto Modellista and Sega GT 2002.

Minor changes were made for the 1973 model year with a new grille, turn signal lights, and tail lights, along with similar treatment to the Sprinter.

Japan (1970-1978)[edit | edit source]

Most models stopped production in July 1974 but the KE26 wagon and van were still marketed in Japan after the 30-series was introduced.

Japanese engines:

  • T — 1.4 L (1407 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 86 hp (63 kW)
  • T-D — 1.4 L (1407 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 90 hp (66 kW)
  • T-B — 1.4 L (1407 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, twin carb,
  • 2T — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)
  • 2T-B — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, twin carb
  • 2T-G — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve DOHC, twin carb, 115 hp (86 kW)
  • 3K — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)
  • 3K-D — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 73 hp (54 kW)
  • 3K-B — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, twin carb, 77 hp (57 kW)

JPN-market chassis:

  • KE20 — 1166 cc Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX, Hi-DX)
  • TE20 — 1407 cc Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX, Hi-DX)
  • KE25 — 1166 cc Hardtop coupé (DX, Hi-DX, SL)
  • TE25 — 1407 cc Hardtop coupé (DX, Hi-DX, SL, SR)
  • KE26 — 1166 cc Wagon, 3-door/5-door
  • TE27 — 1588 cc Hardtop Coupé (Levin/Trueno twincam)

USA (1970-1974)[edit | edit source]

The Japan chassis models were all available in USA. A 1.6 L (1588 cc/96 in³) 102 hp (76 kW) engine came in 1971, quite impressive for the time, and a sporty hardtop coupé called the SR5 (also known as the Levin in Japan) was introduced in 1973. In 1974, the SR5 was entered by Car & Driver magazine's team in SCCA competition.

American engines:

  • 2T-C — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 102 hp (76 kW)
  • 3K-C — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

US-market chassis: TE21 — Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX, Hi-DX) TE26 — Wagon, DX TE27 — Hardtop coupé (SR5)