Toyota Corolla E110
Toyota Motor Corporation
|Also called||Chevrolet Prizm|
|Assembly||Cambridge, Ontario, Canada|
Toyota City, Japan
Durban, South Africa
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines
|Body style(s)||4-door sedan|
2-door coupé (JDM)
3-door hatchback (JDM)
5-door liftback (JDM)
5-door station wagon (JDM)
|Engine(s)||1.8L 1ZZ-FE I4|
Other variations (See Japan)
6-speed manual (JDM)
|Wheelbase||97.0 in (2464 mm)|
|Length||174.0 in (4420 mm)|
|Width||66.7 in (1694 mm)|
|Height||54.5 in (1384 mm)|
|Curb weight||1095 kg (2414 lb)|
Introduced in May 1995, the eighth generation shared its platform (and doors, on some models) with its predecessor. Due to a recession, Toyota ordered that Corolla development chief Takayasu Honda to cut costs, hence the carry-over engineering.
For the general market, the Corolla was offered in Base, XLi, GLi, and SE-G trim levels.
This marked the beginning of the end of the Sprinter. The Sprinter Trueno coupé range was carried over with a facelift, while the Sprinter wagon was identical to the Corolla.
Japanese models received minor changes in April 1997 with new nose, tail, and interior. The rear panel is totally different, therefore the trunk and tail lights are not interchangeable between the old and facelift models. The new Japanese rear panel is the same as the European model.
Japanese market engines:
- 4A-GE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 20-valve DOHC, FI, 165 ps (121 kW)
- 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 115 ps (84 kW)
- 5A-FE — 1.5 L (1498 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 100 ps (73 kW)
- 4E-FE — 1.3 L (1331 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 88 ps (64 kW)
- 3C-E — 2.2 L (2184 cc) I4, diesel, Electronic Fuel Injection, 79 ps (58 kW)
- 2C-III — 2.0 L (1974 cc) I4, diesel, FI, 73 ps (53 kW)
Japanese market chassis:
- E-111 — Sedan SE-G, S-Cruise, GT
- E-110 — Sedan LX, XE, SE Limited
- E-114 — AWD sedan
- E-115 — AWD Wagon Carib
The Philippines had 3 grades — the base 1.3 XL, the 1.3 XE and the 1.6 GLi. The XL came with a 2-spoke urethane steering wheel, wind-up windows, a 5-speed manual transmission, 13" steel wheels, no tachometer and no digital clock. The XL trim was only sold to Rent-a-car companies and Taxi operators until 2007 and then replaced by the Vios J. The 1.3 XE was the same as the XL grade with an optional spoiler. The 1.6 GLi was for the top-of-the-line market segment, offering power windows and locks, a spoiler, a digital clock, 15" alloy wheels and a choice of a 5-speed manual transmission or a 4-speed automatic transmission.
Introduced in 1997 (1998 model year) all North American Corollas were now built in California (by NUMMI) or Canada (by TMMC). Unlike the Japanese counterparts, the USDM Corolla at this time was only offered as a 4 door compact sedan. A new all-aluminum 1ZZ-FE engine powered all Corollas, making this generation lighter than its predecessor. This new engine uses a timing chain instead of a timing belt. It also incorporated laser etched valve guides directly in the block, rather than the old shrink to fit valve guides in the predecessor Corolla motor(4A-FE & 7A-FE). This prevents oil burning and valve guide failure in the future.
In the US market only sedans were offered and all came with daylight driving lights. Grades were VE, CE, and LE. The VE model was available in a 3 speed automatic or the 5 speed manual transmission. CE and LE models offered the 4 speed automatic with overdrive or the 5 speed manual transmission. A optional powered sunroof was offered on the CE and LE models as well. The US-market 8th generation Corolla has a maximum legal carrying capacity of 1500 lb. An optional Touring Package with color matched side skirts, color matched rear mudflap, a whiteface instrument cluster with tachometer and outside temperature gauge, and aluminum wheels were reserved for the CE and LE models. Side airbags and ABS were optional for the LE model, but very few of them actually had them. The first batch of 1998 Corolla VE's did not have a front sway bar. This was later corrected by 6/98 manufacturer date to include one on all models. VVT-i variable valve timing was added to the engine for 2000 with a small increase in power from 120 hp (89 kW) to 125 hp (93 kW). The introduced VVT-i optimizes cam and valve timing to reduce emissions.
For the 2001 US model year (2000 calendar year), the VE was eliminated and the S model was introduced. The 2001 model also got a slight refresh with the new front headlights, redesigned front bumper, auxiliary DC power port with a higher armrest (LE 4 speed automatic models), inside trunk release for accidental lockouts in the trunk, and round reverse lights. The CE became the new base model offered in 5 speed manual or 3 speed automatic transmission and the sporty S was added as the replacement of the Touring Package. The 'sportiness' of the S model had in addition to all the same options as the CE models included a gauge cluster with tachometer in a red/black theme with a outside temperature gauge, the interior was a charcoal gray and black instead of the usual beige or tan interior, standard front fog lamps, color matched side skirts, color matched rear mudflaps, color matched front grill, trunk release, power mirrors, trunk light, 14" 'S' model hubcaps, and lighted maplights on the rearview mirror. The S model lacked the 60/40 folding rear seat, or tilt steering of the LE model. The 'S' model had no performance advantage over the other models, it was purely an appearance package.
Toyota official accessories available through dealerships for all trim of the 8th generation Corolla included a color coded rear spoiler with LED brakelight, front bumper bra, 6 disc CD changer, sunroof sunshade, trunk cargo net, keyless entry car alarm, cruise control, gold emblem kit, wood trim dash kit, and black rubber mudflaps.
North American market engines:
- 1998-1999 — 1ZZ-FE, 1.8 L (1794 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 120 hp (89 kW) @ 5600 rpm, 165 nm (122 ft•lbf.) @ 4400 rpm
- 2000-2002 — 1ZZ-FE, 1.8 L (1794 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 125 hp (93 kW) @ 5800 rpm, 169.5 nm (125 ft•lbf.) @ 4000 rpm
From 1993-1997, the Geo Prizm was part of GM's Geo import group, which was sold through the Chevrolet dealership network. In 1998, the Geo group was dropped and the Prizm was rebadged as a Chevrolet. The Prizm had two main differences from the Corolla, though they were made in the same plant: it used the Japanese intake manifold and tuning, and put in a Delco stereo, which provided better sound quality but required a replumbing of the center stack as the Delco unit is taller than the Denso. One minor difference was the availability, in all trim levels, of a 3- or 4-speed automatic transmission, as well as a 5-speed manual. The 1999 Prizm has a Delco HVAC system which is different from the Corolla. The LSi trim was the highest trim for the Prizm equivalent to a LE for the Corolla.
Europe and Oceania
This range had different front and rear ends to the Japanese models, though the sides and interior remained mostly the same. It can be distinguished by the round headlights and mesh grille. As a result, a sporting model with a six-speed gearbox was offered. The European three door hatchback is the base for the Corolla World Rally Car (WRC). In Australia the Corolla liftback is called Seca. Grades for sedan and Seca are Ascent, Conquest, and Ultima. The Seca Sportivo with turbocharged 7A-FE engine was added in 2001. In 1997, the Corolla Spacio, with its body panels stamped at long-time Toyota supplier Kanto Autoworks, was introduced as a two-box minivan version and sold as the Corolla Verso, which was technically similar to the Avensis in Europe and the Spacio in New Zealand.
This generation received a facelift in 1999, featuring a different nose (the previous round headlights proved unpopular, so it was replaced with twin smaller headlights under a single cover on either side ), and the new ZZ series engines with VVT-i replacing the old A series engines. The same vehicle was used as a taxicab in Singapore.
TRD motorsports offered a body enhancement package made by Molly Designs for this car, although the kits offered were rare and expensive. The pieces in these kits included front and rear valences, contoured side skirts, optional trunk lip spoiler, and 3 TRD badges. The 98-00 body kit had a different front valance design than the 01-02's due to the 01-02's refreshed front bumper cover. TRD also offered a 1.3 bar radiator cap, quick shifter, freer flowing 95 db legal performance muffler, free flow washable air filter, front strut bar, 16" 5 spoke TRD wheels mounted on 205/45/16 Nitto tires, and performance lowering spring/struts for this car. The rare TRD wheels offered had a +47 offset and weighed a heavy 19lbs.
Corolla WRC, with European model-style front
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