Subaru 1000

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Subaru 1000
Subaru 1000
Production1966–1969
PredecessorSubaru 1500
SuccessorSubaru Leone
Body style(s)4-door sedan
LayoutFF layout
Engine(s)977 cc F4, 55 hp
Wheelbase2400 mm (94.5 in)
Length3900 mm (153.5 in)
Width1480 mm (58.3 in)
Curb weight670-695 kg (1480-1535lb)
RelatedSubaru FF-1 G
Subaru FF-1 Star

The Subaru 1000 was the first front wheel drive Subaru produced by Fuji Heavy Industries starting in 1966. It is sometimes claimed to be Japan's first mass produced front wheel drive car, although Suzuki had been producing front wheel drive cars in small quantities since 1955. Previous Subaru models such as the Subaru 360, Sambar, and 450 had been rear engined, rear wheel drive cars.

It was the first production Subaru to use a boxer engine.

These cars featured a unique water-cooled, horizontally opposed four cylinder engine, with overhead valves operated by pushrods. Subaru engineers examined Porsche, Volkswagen and even Chevrolet Corvair and thought it would be nice if this type of engine is combined with front wheel drive system. The neck in proceeding the mechanism was the vibrations from universal joints, but in collaboration with the bearing maker the epoch-making "double offset joint" was invented. Modern Subarus still make use of horizontally opposed four cylinder engines, albeit of a much greater capacity and with more modern overhead cam driven valves.

As was typical of early front wheel drive cars, the 1000 featured inboard drum brakes up front (but atypically Subaru would retain this unusual design into the seventies). Other unique features of the 1000 were a lack of a heater core, the heating system took its warmth directly from the radiator, and a hybrid suspension system that used torsion bars in combination with coil springs (much like the front suspension of the Subaru 360). The 1000 was superseded by the 1100 (also known as the Subaru FF-1 Star in the United States and in other export markets) at the start of the seventies.

Engine

Subaru EA-52 Engine 1.0L OHV Water-Cooled Flat-4

  • Displacement: 72 mm x 60mm, 997.2cc
  • Power: 55 bhp @6000 rpm, 57 ft/lb @ 3200 rpm with 9:1 compression and two barrel carburetor

Transmission

Four-Speed Manual, Front-Wheel Drive

  • Gear Ratios: 1st 4.000 2nd 2.235 3rd 1.543 4th 1.033, Rev 4.100 Final 4.125