Toyota Team Europe

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Toyota Motorsport GmbH is a Toyota division based in Köln, Germany. It was recently renamed from Toyota Team Europe to Toyota Motorsport GmbH (TMG). It employs 300 people in a 17000m2 factory and focuses on Toyota's Motorsport activities.

TTE was responsible for Toyota's World Rally Championship cars starting from the 1970s right up to the 1990s. In 1999 TTE stopped participating in rallying, in order to prepare for a switch to Formula 1 in 2002.

In the meantime, they entered sports car racing and the 24 Hours of Le Mans: the 1998 24 Hours of Le Mans and the 1999 24 Hours of Le Mans. The Toyota GT-One were very fast, but not lucky, scoring 2nd in 1999 with the slowest of three cars.

In 1997, it became the first motorsports business in the world to be awarded the ISO 9001 label for the quality of its operations.

Contents

Rally history


TTE was started in London in 1972 when Toyota representatives and Ove Andersson, who won the Monte Carlo Rally in 1971, decided that he should drive a Toyota Celica in the RAC Rally in the autumn of that year. Andersson came 9th, beating other Japanese top teams who mostly worked with the Datsun 240Z.

The Toyota Celica had to travel from Japan to the European events all the time, which was not good for the car, so Andersson set up a workshop of his own, Andersson Motorsport, which became Toyota's first European team. It was founded in 1973 with its workshop in Uppsala, Sweden. Shortly thereafter it moved to Brussels, Belgium. It ran Corollas and Celica from this location, with some help from Japan for major events.

After the Yom Kippur War, Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. and the Toyota importers of Germany, Great Britain, Finland, Belgium and Portugal started what became the actual Toyota Team Europe in February 1975. In August of that year, Hannu Mikkola won TTE's first rally, the 1000 Lakes Rally in a Corolla 1600, where the competition used 2.0 L engines.

TTE's Celica GT-Four (ST185) in Safari Rally trim

In 1979 TTE moved 11 of the 20 employees from Brussels to Cologne, where the Toyota Allee was created. This was also the first time it used a Celica Turbo, and TTE won the next two Safaris.

In September 1987, TTE moved to a larger premises, in which they still reside. It was also the time they revealed their first Four wheel drive car, the Toyota Celica GT-Four, driven by Juha Kankkunen and Kenneth Eriksson. Carlos Sainz won the 1990 World Rally Championship season FIA World Rally Championship List of World Rally Championship Drivers' Champions with ST165. The newer GT-Four, ST185, made its debut at the 1992 World Rally Championship season Rallye Monte Carlo, culminating in Sainz again winning the title in this year. The ST185 also won the WRC Driver's and List of World Rally Championship Constructors' Champions Titles in 1993 World Rally Championship season with Juha Kankkunen, and in 1994 World Rally Championship season with Didier Auriol.

In 1993 Toyota Motor Corporation bought Andersson Motorsport which then renamed Toyota Motorsport GmbH. At this time, as a fully-owned part of Toyota Motor Corporation, Toyota Motorsport were employing 300 staff from 17 nations.

In 1995 World Rally Championship season TTE was famously banned for 12 months from the World Rally Championship for cheating by designing an illegal air restrictor that included both a bypass mechanism and spring loaded devices to conceal it from scrutineers.[1] When they returned to the WRC for 1998 World Rally Championship season, they did so with a Corolla driven by the crews of Carlos Sainz/Luis Moya and Didier Auriol/Denis Giraudet. They finished the season in second overall in both the Drivers' and Constructors' Championships.

TTE Corolla WRC at the Monte-Carlo Rally

In 1999 World Rally Championship season, however, the manufacturers championship was taken, the third in TTE's existence.

Sports car racing history


In addition to spearheading Toyota's efforts in the World Rally Championship, the group also developed and ran the Toyota GT-One in Sports car racing. The GT-One entered the 24 Hours of Le Mans in both 1998 24 Hours of Le Mans and 1999 24 Hours of Le Mans. Due to its short career the best result achieved was second place in 1999.

In addition to its motorsport activities , Toyota Motorsport also undertakes production vehicle analysis and development on behalf of Toyota, providing "highly-skilled and rapidly-reacting engineering" services. A range of modified Toyota road cars is also available from the Köln factory.

Today, Toyota Motorsport GmbH has been given the responsibility by Toyota Motor Corporation of developing Toyota F1's cars for entry into Formula One.

List of rally wins


Year Event Driver/Navigator Car Result
1973 Press-on-Regardless W. Boyce / D. Woods Corolla (TE20) 1st
1975 1000 Lakes Rally H. Mikkola / A. Aho Corolla Levin (TE27) 1st
1979 National Gravel French Rally Championship J.-L. Therier / M. Vial Celica (RA20) 1st
1980 German Rally Championship A. Warmbold / W. Inhester Celica (RA40) 1st
  National Gravel French Rally Championship J.-L. Therier / M. Vial Celica (RA40) 1st
1982 Motogard Rally B. Waldegard / H. Thorzelius Celica (RA63) 1st
1983 Ivory Coast Rally B. Waldegard / H. Thorzelius Celica Twincam Turbo (TA64) 1st
1984 Safari Rally B. Waldegard / H. Thorzelius Celica Twincam Turbo (TA64) 1st
1985 Safari Rally J. Kankkunen / F. Gallagher Celica Twincam Turbo (TA64) 1st
  Ivory Coast Rally J. Kankkunen / F. Gallagher Celica Twincam Turbo (TA64) 1st
1986 Safari Rally B. Waldegard / F. Gallagher Celica Twincam Turbo (TA64) 1st
  Ivory Coast Rally B. Waldegard / F. Gallagher Celica Twincam Turbo (TA64) 1st
  Middle East Rally Championship M. Bin Sulayem / R. Morgan Celica Twincam Turbo (TA64) 1st
1987 Rally Hong Kong - Beijing B. Waldegard / F. Gallagher Supra 3.0i (MA70) 1st
  Middle East Rally Championship M. Bin Sulayem / R. Morgan Celica Twincam Turbo (TA64) 1st
1988 Safari Rally K. Eriksson / P. Diekmann
J. Kankkunen / J. Piironen
B. Waldegard / F. Gallagher
Celica Supra Turbo (MA70) Team Prize
  Cyprus Rally B. Waldegard / F. Gallagher Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  Middle East Rally Championship M. Bin Sulayem Celica Twincam Turbo (TA64) 1st
1989 Rally Australia J. Kankkunen / J. Piironen Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
1990 Safari Rally B. Waldegard / F. Gallagher Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  Acropolis Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  Rally New Zealand C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  1000 Lakes Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  RAC Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  Middle East Rally Championship (Drivers) M. Bin Sulayem / R. Morgan Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  Asian-Pacific Rally Championship (Drivers) C. Sainz / L. Moya   1st
  World Championship of Drivers C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  World Championship of Manufacturers     2nd
1991 Monte Carlo Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  Portugal Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  Corsica Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  Rally New Zealand C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  Rally Argentina C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  Rally Catalunya A. Schwarz / A. Hertz Celica GT-Four (ST165) 1st
  World Championship of Drivers C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST165) 2nd
  World Championship of Manufacturers     2nd
1992 Safari Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Rally New Zealand C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Rally Catalunya C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  RAC Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  World Championship of Drivers C. Sainz / L. Moya Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  World Championship of Manufacturers     2nd
1993 Monte Carlo Rally D. Auriol / B. Occelli Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Swedish Rally M. Jonsson / L. Backman Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Safari Rally J. Kankkunen / J. Piironen Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Rally Argentina J. Kankkunen / N. Grist Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  1000 Lakes Rally J. Kankkunen / D. Giraudet Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Rally Australia J. Kankkunen / N. Grist Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  RAC Rally J. Kankkunen / N. Grist Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  World Championship of Drivers J. Kankkunen / N. Grist Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  World Championship of Manufacturers     1st
1994 Portugal Rally J. Kankkunen / N. Grist Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Safari Rally Ian Duncan / David Williamson Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Corsica Rally D. Auriol / B. Occelli Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Rally Argentina D. Auriol / B. Occelli Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Rallye Sanremo D. Auriol / B. Occelli Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  World Championship of Drivers D. Auriol / B. Occelli Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  World Championship of Manufacturers     1st
1995 Safari Rally Y. Fujimoto / A. Hertz Celica GT-Four (ST185) 1st
  Tour de Corse D. Auriol / D. Giraudet Celica GT-Four (ST205) 1st
1996 European Rally Championship A. Schwarz / D. Giraudet Celica GT-Four (ST205) 1st
  RAC Rally A. Schwarz / D. Giraudet Celica GT-Four (ST205) 1st
1998 Monte Carlo Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Corolla WRC 1st
  Rallye Catalunya D. Auriol / D. Giraudet Corolla WRC 1st
  Rally New Zealand C. Sainz / L. Moya Corolla WRC 1st
  World Championship of Drivers C. Sainz / L. Moya Corolla WRC 2nd
  World Championship of Manufacturers     2nd
1999 Rallye Monte Carlo D. Auriol / D. Giraudet Corolla WRC 3rd
    Swedish Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Corolla WRC 2nd
   Safari Rally Kenya D. Auriol / D. Giraudet Corolla WRC 2nd
   Rallye de Portugal C. Sainz / L. Moya Corolla WRC 2nd
   Rallye Catalunya D. Auriol / D. Giraudet Corolla WRC 2nd
   Tour de Corse C. Sainz / L. Moya Corolla WRC 3rd
   Rally Argentina D. Auriol / D. Giraudet Corolla WRC 3rd
   Acropolis Rally C. Sainz / L. Moya Corolla WRC 2nd
   Rally Finland C. Sainz / L. Moya Corolla WRC 3rd
   China Rally D. Auriol / D. Giraudet Corolla WRC 1st
   Rallye Sanremo D. Auriol / D. Giraudet Corolla WRC 3rd
   Rally Australia C. Sainz / L. Moya Corolla WRC 2nd
  World Championship of Manufacturers     1st

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