Toyota E engine

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The Toyota E engine family is a Straight-4 Piston engine series, utilizing a timing belt rather than a chain. Like many of Toyota's other engine designs, the E engine series features a cast iron Engine block, along with an aluminum Cylinder head. The members of the E engine family, range from 1.0 L to 1.5 L. The E family supplanted the K engines in most applications. A large number of parts in the E engine series are interchangeable between each other especially all the 4E and 5E engines which all share the same block.

Contents

1E


The 1E is a 1.0L (999 cc) Carbureted 12 Valve Single overhead cam engine. Bore was 70.5 mm and stroke was 64.0 mm. Compression ratio was 9.0:1. It appeared in 1985. Output ranged at about 55 hp (41 kW) at 6000 rpm. And Torque was 75 Lbf·ft (102 N·m) @ 3500 rpm . These engines attain excellent fuel economy although performance is tepid.

  • Specs[1]:
  • Bore x Stroke: 70.5 mm x 64.0 mm
  • Displacement: 999 cc
  • Valve clearance: Intake: 0.20 mm Exhaust: 0.20 mm
  • Ignition timing (with vacuum advancer off): 10 degrees BTDC
  • Oil capacity: 3.2l
  • Maximum allowable speeds in gears:
  • 1st Gear: 45 km/h (28 mph)
  • 2nd Gear: 83 km/h (52 mph)
  • 3rd Gear:120 km/h (75 mph)
  • 4th Gear: Vehicle Top Speed, around 160 km/h (100 mph)
  • Gearbox :
  • 4-speed manual gearbox: C140
  • Automatic transmission: ***

Applications:

2E


The 2E is a 1.3 L SOHC version. Output ranged from 65 hp (48 kW) to 82 hp (61 kW) at 6000 rpm with 72 ft·lbf (98 N·m) of torque at 3600 rpm to 77 ft·lbf (104 N·m) of torque at 5200 rpm. It appeared in 1985, and was discontinued after 1998. The 2E engines appeared in both carbureted and Fuel injection versions. The 2E-TE, appearing in 1986, was a Turbocharged engine producing 101 hp (75 kW). A later version, the 2E-TELU produced 110 hp (82 kW). Some parts on the 1E and 2E engines are interchangeable, for example the gearboxes.

  • Specs[1]:
  • Bore x Stroke : 73.0 mm x 77.4 mm
  • Displacement : 1295 cc (late models had 1296cc)
  • Ignition Timing (with vacuum advancer off): 5 degrees BTDC
  • Maximum allowable speed in gears (non turbo):
  • 1st Gear : 49 km/h (30 mph)
  • 2nd Gear : 91 km/h (57 mph)
  • 3rd Gear :132 km/h (82 mph)
  • Gearbox :
  • 5-speed manual gearbox: C150, C152 (turbo model)
  • Automatic Transmission: A132

Applications:

3E


The 3E is a 1.5 L (1456 cc) SOHC version. Output ranged from 78 hp (58 kW) to 87 hp (65 kW) at 6000 rpm with 87 ft·lbf (118 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm to 89 ft·lbf (121 N·m) of torque at 4800 rpm. It appeared in 1986, and was discontinued after 1994. The 3E engines appeared in both carbureted and fuel-injected applications. The 3E-TE, appearing in 1986, was a turbocharged engine producing 113 hp (84 kW) at 5600 rpm with 127 ft·lbf (172 N·m) of torque at 3200 rpm.

Applications:

The '3E' and '3E-E' engines are considered slightly less reliable than other Toyota engines, although they are also among the easiest engines to work on. The most common problems to affect these engines are carbon buildup in the intake valves, premature valve stem seal (nitrile) failure, and collapse of the oil control ring on the piston. Any of these conditions can lead to rough idling, stalling, and fouled spark plugs, and therefore need to be differentially diagnosed. The valve stem seals, at least, can be replaced with silicone or viton which last much longer.[1]

4E

The 4E is a 1.3 L (1331 cc) Double overhead cam version. Bore was 74 mm and stroke 77.4 mm. Output ranged from 81 hp (60 kW) at 6400 rpm to 99 hp (74 kW) at 6600 rpm with 81 ft·lbf (110 N·m) of torque at 3600 rpm to 6 ft·lbf (8.1 N·m) of torque at 5200 rpm. It appeared in 1989, and was discontinued after 1998. The 4E engines appeared in fuel-injected applications

Applications:

1st Gen 4E-FE

The first generation of 4E engines found in the Starlet GI and Soleil models were produced from 1989 until 1996 the engine found in these two models obtained power figures of 99 bhp (74 kW) @ 6600 rpm and 86 ft·lbf (117 N·m) @ 5200 rpm. this engine had more in common with the 4efte sharing the same throttle body, and slightly larger injectors.

  • Specs:
  • 74 mm Bore
  • 77.4 mm Stroke
  • 9.6:1 Compression Ratio

4E-FTE

The 1st generation 4E-FE was the basis of the 4E-FTE, appearing in 1989, which was a turbocharged engine producing 135 hp at 6400 rpm with 116 ft·lbf (157 N·m) of torque at 4800 rpm. The 4E-FTE was the most powerful of the E series engines ever produced. It was produced exclusively for the Toyota Starlet GT Turbo (Japan Only) and its replacement, the Toyota Glanza V (Japan only). However the 4E-FTE was a very popular conversion engine by enthusiasts for many small Toyota cars such as the Corolla and Tercel, which it fitted into with standard Toyota parts. The 4E-FTE differed internally from the 4E-FE only by its stronger connecting rods, lower compression pistons and different head gasket. It also features a harmonic damper instead of a normal crankshaft pulley. The turbocharger fitted to the 4E-FTE was Toyota's own CT9 which featured an internal waste gate and had 2 modes; low (0.4 bar/40 KPa) and high (0.65 bar/65 kPa) boost. The low boost mode was electronically controlled by a solenoid valve and the ecu and the overall or high boost was controlled by the actuator connected to the turbocharger. The 4E-FTE also had a "Top mounted", air cooled, intercooler. The 4E-FTE was mated to the Toyota C150 transmission or the optional C151 transmission which featured an LSD. Although aftermarket parts could substantially increase the power output of the engine, the major limitation is the fuel injection system, which tends to run too lean, even when the fuel cut-off is disabled (as one Urban legend suggests).

  • Specs:
  • 74 mm Bore
  • 77.4 mm Stroke
  • 8.2:1 Compression Ratio

2nd Gen 4E-FE

The 2nd Generation of the 4E-FE was introduced in 1996 producing less peak power: 85 bhp (63 kW) @ 5500 rpm, but with a slight increase in peak torque 87 ft·lbf (118 N·m) at 4400 rpm. The 2nd generation of the 4E-FE was essentially the same engine as the 1st but the inlet and exhaust manifolds were changed along with a slight alteration of the ecu in order to try and reduce emissions.

  • Specs:
  • 74.3 mm Bore
  • 77.4 mm Stroke
  • 9.6:1 Compression Ratio

5E

The 5E is a 1.5 L (1497 cc) DOHC version. Output ranged from 94 hp (70 kW) at 5400 rpm to 110 hp (82 kW) at 6400 rpm with 91 ft·lbf (123 N·m) of torque at 3200 rpm to 100 ft·lbf (140 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm. It appeared in 1991, and was discontinued after 1998. All 5E engines were fuel-injected.

Applications:

E Series Specs

Engine CodeHead DesignValves/CylinderDateCCPeak HPPeak TorqueBoreStrokeCR
1E SOHC 3 85-94 999 55@6000 75@3800 70.5 64.0 9.0:1
2E* SOHC 84 1295 65@6000 72@3800
2E SOHC 3 85- 1295* 82@6000 77@5200 73 77.4 9.3:1
2E SOHC 3 85 1295 74@6200 76@4200 73 77.4
2E-LU SOHC 3 86-90+ 1295 66@6000 72@3600 73 77.4
2E-E SOHC 3 85- 1295 81@6000 77@5200 73 77.4 9.5:1
2E-TE SOHC 3 86- 1295 (~101-108) 73 77.4
3E SOHC 3 86- 1456 78@6000 87@4000 2.87 3.43 9.3:1
3E-E SOHC 3 88- 1456* 87@6000 89@4800 73 87 9.3:1
3E-E SOHC 3 91-94 1457 82@5200 89@4400 73 87 9.3:1
3E-TE SOHC 3 86- 1456* 113@5600 127@3200 2.87 3.43 8.0:1
4E-F DOHC 4/25 89- 1331* 81@6400 81@3600 74 77.4 9.6:1
4E-FE DOHC 4/25 89- 1331* 99@6600 86@5200 74 77.4 9.6:1
4E-FE DOHC 4/25 97 1331 88@5600 85@4600 74 77.4 9.6:1 JP Cynos
4E-FE DOHC 4/25 97-98 1331 85@5500 87@4400 74 77.4 9.6:1 JP Starlet
4E-FE DOHC 4/25 97 1331 82@5500 85@4400 74 77.4 9.6:1 JP Starlet
4E-FTE DOHC 4/25 89- 1331* 133@6400 116@4800 74 77.4 8.2:1
4E-FTE DOHC 4/25 98 1331 135@6400 116@4800 74 77.4 8.2:1
5E-FE DOHC 4/25 91-95 1497 100@6400 91@3200 74 87 9.4:1
5E-FE DOHC 4/25 95-98 1497 94@5400 100@3400 74 87 9.8:1 Japan Starlet
5E-FHE DOHC 95- 1496 110@6400 98@5200 74 87
5E-FHE DOHC 1496 105@6600 100@4000 74 87 9.8:1
5E-FHE DOHC 97-98 1496 110@6400 100@4000 74 87 9.8:

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Toyota EP80 Owners Manual

External links

  • ep91.com - Detailed specs of the 4e/5e engines, and their ancillaries.
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