Toyota Corolla E140

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Tenth generation
Corolla LE (US)
Automotive industryToyota
Also calledCorolla Axio (sedan, Japan)
Corolla Fielder (wagon, Japan)
Corolla Millenium (sedan, Morocco)
Corolla Rumion (hatchback, Japan)
Corolla Altis (sedan, ASEAN)
Production2006-present
AssemblyCambridge, Ontario, Canada
Toyota, Aichi, Japan (Takaoka)
Durban, South Africa
Adapazarı, Turkey
Tianjin, People's Republic of China
Taipei, Taiwan
Bidadi, India
Shah Alam, Malaysia
Karachi, Pakistan
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines
Chachoengsao, Thailand
Vĩnh Phúc, Vietnam
Indaiatuba, Brazil
Cumana, Venezuela
Fremont, California,USA
Lippo Karawaci, Indonesia
Susono, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan
PredecessorCorolla E120
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
5-door Station wagon
5-door Hatchback (Australia)
Automobile layoutFF layout
Internal combustion engine1.4L Straight-4 4ZZ-FE (Europe)
1.5L Straight-4 1NZ-FE
1.6L Straight-4 3ZZ-FE (Singapore, South America)
1.8L Straight-4 1ZZ-FE (Asia-Pacific)
1.8L Straight-4 2ZR-FE (North America, Oceania)
2.4L Straight-4 2AZ-FE (North America)
1.4L Straight-4 1ND-TV D-4D Diesel (Europe)
Transmission (mechanics)6-speed Manual transmission

5-speed manual
Continuously variable transmission
4-speed Automatic transmission

5-speed automatic
Wheelbase2600 mm (102.4 in)
LengthDomestic market sedan: 4390 mm (172.8 in)
Export sedan: 4540 mm (178.7 in)
Hatchback: 4220 mm (166.1 in)
WidthDomestic models:1695 mm (66.7 in)
Export models:1760 mm (69.3 in)
HeightSedan: 1475 mm (58.1 in)
Hatchback: 1515 mm (59.6 in)
RelatedAuris
RAV4
Matrix
Vanguard
Pontiac Vibe
Scion xB

The Corolla E140 is the tenth generation of cars sold by Toyota under the Corolla nameplate.

Contents

Japan


The tenth generation Corolla (E140) was released in Japan on October 10, 2006. The sedan is now known as the Corolla Axio.[1] The Axio name was created from the Greek word "axia", meaning "things with value". The station wagon retains the Corolla Fielder name. To save neck-twisting, the Corolla gets Toyota's latest intelligent parking-assist system. The option costs Japanese yen105,000, or $879 at current exchange rates. A backup camera monitor is standard. The RunX was replaced by the Toyota Auris and the Spacio was discontinued. The Corolla Rumion, a restyled Scion xB, was introduced later.

North America


The North American Corolla (E150) was unveiled on October 31, 2007, at the SEMA show in Las Vegas Strip. Only the sedan is sold, although the second-generation Corolla Matrix (commonly referred to as just "Matrix"), which shares the E140 platform and engines, is considered the Corolla's hatchback/Crossover (automobile) counterpart.

The new Corolla has been described as a 7/8ths Camry[2], also having styling commonality with its little brother, the Yaris.[3] It has been criticized for its sluggish steering and handling, and for its inexpensive interior materials which seem a step back from the previous generation.[4] Reviewers note that the Corolla represents a gradual evolutionary over the previous iteration, without straying too far from the formula as a plain but reliable, fuel-efficient, simple and inexpensive form of transportation. [5] [6]

The Corolla became available in US dealerships on January 31, 2008, as a 2009 model. A total of 5 trim grades (Standard, S, LE, XLE, and XRS) are being offered in the US,[7] Canada has 4 trims (CE, LE, Sport (or S), and XRS). The LE and S have a similar MSRP and are very similar mechanically, the main differences being the S's spoiler, underskirts, and silver interior highlights. The XRS also has a spoiler and underskirts like the S, but it has a larger 2.4 L engine, rear disc brakes, a sport-tuned suspension, and standard stability and traction control.

The base (standard and CE) and S trims are available with either a five-speed manual or four-speed automatic transmission, while the LE (unlike the previous generation) and XLE are automatic only. The XRS grade is equipped with the 2.4-liter 2AZ-FE Straight-4 engine, the same one used in the Camry, good for 158 hp (118 kW) and 162 ft·lbf (220 N·m) of torque, with a choice of five-speed manual or five-speed automatic transmissions.[8] The XRS takes 7.9 seconds to 60 mph and 16.0 seconds for the quarter mile. All other trims have Toyota's 1.8-liter 2ZR-FE four-cylinder engine with 132 horsepower (98 kW) and 128 pound-feet of torque.[8] Corollas with the 1.8-liter engine have an EPA fuel economy rating of 27 mpg city/35 mpg highway. The 2.4-liter is rated at 22 mpg/30 mpg with the automatic and 22 mpg/29 mpg with the manual. Toyota carried over the 13.2 gal fuel tank from earlier models.[9]

The Corolla offers technological conveniences such as an auxiliary audio jack for MP3 players, steering wheel-mounted audio controls, and a hands-free Bluetooth mobile phone system. Safety features, including Airbag, Antilock brakes, and a Tire pressure monitoring system are standard.[7] Traction control and Vehicle stability control are standard on the top-of-the-line XRS, and are available as options on the American LE and XLE models.

Safety

The Corolla comes standard with dual front airbags, front and rear row curtain side airbags and front row torso side airbags. ABS and active headrests are also standard.[10] Beginning in 2009 (2010 model year), Toyota's Electronic stability control became standard.[11]

The IIHS gave the Corolla its Top Safety Pick accolade. The Corolla earned a Good overall score in the front impact crash test, with Good marks in all six measured front impact categories. And the Corolla received another Good overall score for the side impact crash test. The Corolla nearly earned perfect marks in all nine measured side impact test categories but was given an Average score for rear passenger pelvis/leg protection. However the Corolla earned a Good rating in the side impact structure/safety category which is uncommon in compact car segment.[12]

In Euro NCAP testing the Corolla became the first 5-star rated vehicle in the C-segment.[13][14]

Euro NCAP scores:

Adult Occupant: 5/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg

Child Occupant: 4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Pedestrian: 3/4 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg

Australia


The new Corolla was introduced to the Australian market on May 18, 2007. It is available in both sedan and hatchback models, with more safety features and higher levels of luxury. The new 1.8-litre 2ZR-FE Dual VVT-i - with variable valve timing for both intake and exhaust camshafts - will be the only engine available for the Australian model, promising better fuel economy than before, it also regains its 100 kW power output. This figure decreased when the old model’s 1.8-litre four-cylinder engine dropped to 93 kW of power and 161 Nm of torque (from 171 Nm) in late 2005 to meet the 2006 Euro IV emissions requirements. A new 6-speed manual gearbox is standard, with a 4-speed automatic optional, despite speculation of a 5-speed like the new Honda Civic, a robotized 5-speed optional in the European Auris, or a Continuously variable transmission available in the Japanese model. A CVT may be a possibility during its initial facelift, and a V6 version could join the lineup as a TRD model.

The new Corolla is available in 4 trim levels for the hatch (Ascent, Conquest, Levin SX and Levin ZR) and 3 for the sedan (Ascent, Conquest and Ultima - auto only), with the Corolla wagon discontinued in Australia. The Levin ZR and Ultima grade features HID Headlight, rain sensing wipers, smart entry and start system and automatic climate control. Safety equipment levels has also been improved with ABS brakes and dual airbags standard across the range, whilst side, curtain, driver's knee airbag and stability and traction control is optional on Ascent and Levin SX models and standard on Conquest, Levin ZR and Ultima models from December 2008 production. Other changes from December 2008 production included a revised 6-speed manual transmission across all models except the auto only Ultima sedan that has improved gear ratios and the adoption of smart entry activation on front passenger and back door on Levin ZR model. Although the new hatch is badged Auris name in most world markets, the Corolla name was retained for the Australian market.

One downside to this car is the performance. Tested at 9.7 seconds to 100 km/h for the manual model, it's more than half a second slower than its predecessor. This is likely on account of its weight, a hefty 1300 kg, which is curiously more than the Civic unlike before wherein it was usually lighter. The automatic also has widely spaced ratios due to the lack of a fifth gear, giving sluggish acceleration, definitely not maximizing the engine potential. The Toyota Corolla received a 4 star ANCAP safety rating for occupant safety and a 3 star rating for pedestrian safety.[15]

New Zealand

Like Australia, all models are marketed under the Corolla nameplate. The range is similar to the Australian range with the same engines and drivetrain, however, models are designated as the base GX and higher spec GLX. What distinguishes the New Zealand range from the rest of the world is the addition of the Corolla Fielder wagon, which is otherwise only seen in the Japan market. With station wagons so popular in New Zealand, demand of the previous model was enough to justify it. New Zealand is the only export market for the wagon. It is marketed as the Corolla GX Wagon with the 1NZ-FE engine. While the hatch and sedan feature the 1.8-litre 2ZR-FE Dual VVT-i, the wagon features the JDM 1.5-litre, 4-cylinder, 16-valve, DOHC VVT-i engine. It is specified lower than the GX model hatch and sedan due to the wagon being aimed at the price-conscious fleet market and is priced accordingly. The hatchback gained two diesel motors in June 2008, with both the 1.4 and 2.0 D4-D engines joining the local range, albeit only with manual transmissions. The diesel cars are European spec models built in Japan, the 1.4 version having it's motor shipped from Europe to be placed in the New Zealand spec cars.

Toyota was widely criticized by the motoring press for selling the new Corolla in Australia and New Zealand without Electronic Stability Control, which can reduce the chances of a fatal accident by up to 55%. Electronic Stability Control has been available on American versions of the Corolla for several years. The stability control concern was partially addressed with the diesel Corollas offering ESC as standard, but the petrol models have yet to gain it as of October 2008.

Europe and China

The global debut of the third variant of the new Corolla was staged at the Beijing Auto Show. This variant, which uses a wider and longer version of the Axio's platform, has styling similar to that of the Camry's while keeping the Axio's interior. The European and Chinese market are receiving this variant, which is likely to also be sold in Asian and Taiwan markets as the new Altis. The Chinese market Corolla's name was also changed to match the English name in pronunciation.

In Ireland, the E150 series Corolla was launched in December 2006 for sale in January 2007. That made it one of the first countries in the world to receive this model. The saloon version is available along with the Auris (and a Sedan delivery Auris Van) with a 1.4 litre 97 bhp (71 kW) 4ZZ-FE petrol engine or a 1.4 litre 90 bhp D-4D diesel engine in Terra, Strata and Luna trim levels (estate is not available). European models are built in Turkey.

Such saloon versions are more popular than the recently launched Auris. Many commentators have likened the styling of the new Corolla to a similarly styled Camry launched in 1996.

However, United Kingdom buyers are currently only offered the Auris, and there are no known plans for the current Corolla to be sold in Britain. The only saloon currently offered by Toyota in the UK is the Avensis.

Jamaica

The tenth generation Corolla went on sale in Jamaica in October, 2007. It is available in 1.5L and 1.8L models. The 1.5L breaks down into two models; the first of which comes without alloy wheels and fog lamps and the other with alloy wheels and fog lamps. The 1.8L model however, comes standard with Leather interior and a sunroof.

Sri Lanka

A Japanese-built version of the Corolla sedan is sold in Sri Lanka. The petrol version is offered with the 1.6 litre 3ZZ engine while the diesel version on offer has the aging 2 litre 2C engine. The body shape is similar to the European Corolla.

Indonesia

The Corolla Altis was launched in March 2008, and offered in the base J, popular mid-level G, and luxury V trim levels. All were powered by the 1ZZ-FE engine with VVT-i. The J is only available with manual transmission, while the G and V are automatic only.

Hong Kong SAR

In Hong Kong, only 1.5L engine models are currently available. The reason for adopting a 1.5L engine, instead of higher capacity engines, is probably the lower vehicle license levy.

Singapore

The Corolla is marketed as Corolla Altis as from the previous model. Only the Automatic transmission is sold in the old 1.6 litre 3ZZ-FE engine and 1.8 litre 1ZZ-FE engine.

However, the JDM model is also available under self-importation status (indiviuals buying the vehicle overseas and does the shipping, custom declearation, vehicle testing by themselves) from smaller agencies instead of buying from the local dealer. Grades may thus ranges. The JDM model, along with JDM Camry, and Wish are used widely as CNG-fitted taxis.

South Africa

The tenth generation Corolla was launched in South Africa in September 2007. Unlike in some countries, Corolla mainly refers to the sedan and not the hatchback, which in South Africa is known as the Toyota Auris. Toyota's manufacturing plant is located in Durban provides Corolla, Hi-Lux and Fortuner model exports to Europe.

The Corolla car's build is lower and wider than its predecessor.

The all-new Corolla has been awarded a EURO NCAP 5-star rating (applies to all models in the range with knee airbags). Toyota South Africa achieved a new all-time sales record for the South African motor industry in October 2007 with the Corolla (including Auris) leading the vehicle sales chart.

The car is available in the following models: 2.0 Diesel (Exclusive, Advanced) 1.8 Petrol Exclusive, Exclusive Auto, Advanced) 1.6 Petrol (Advanced, Advanced M-MT, Professional) and 1.4 Petrol (Advanced, Professional)

South America

The tenth generation Corolla was launched in Brazil on March 26, 2008, and in Argentina in April 2008. It is produced in Brazil and breaks down in two engines (a 1.6 and a 1.8-liter gasoline engine – gasoline/ethanol in Brazil) and three models: the base XLi, the intermediate XEi and the higher spec SEG.

Philippines

The tenth generation Corolla was launched as the Corolla Altis in the Philippines on March 7, 2008. It has three variants, the 1.8 and 1.6 V, both with Automatic transmission, the 1.6 G, available in both automatic transmission and Manual transmission and the 1.6 E, with manual transmission. The engines were not upgraded to Dual VVTi unlike in other countries, thus retaining the 1ZZ-FE and 3ZZ-FE powerplants. A 2.0 Liter variant was recently introduced.

Malaysia

As with Indonesia, the Corolla Altis was launched in March 2008 in Malaysia as well. It is offered in 5 variants – 1.8G, 1.8G Sporty, 1.8E, 1.8E Sporty and 1.6E. All variants are equipped with the 1ZZ-FE engine model with the exception of the 1.6E, that uses the 3ZZ-FE engine. Manual transmission for the Corolla Altis is not available in Malaysia. Each of these 5 variants comes in 4-speed automatic transmission with Super ECT.

Output for the 1.8 models are 97 kW at 6000 rpm with 170 Nm at 4200 rpm. Output for the 1.6 model is 80 kW at 6000 rpm with 145 Nm at 4400 rpm.

Equipment

A rear-view monitor displays an image of the area to the rear of the vehicle while backing up to reduce the burden on the driver when parking (standard on all Corolla Axio models).

The optional advanced Intelligent Parking Assist system supports steering operations when parallel parking and backing into a parking space. Ultrasonic sensors installed on the front of the vehicle detect other parked vehicles and, based on the results, estimate the physical dimensions of a vacant parking space and set the target parking position. The Corolla Axio features a new Pre-Crash Safety System that uses millimeter-wave radar. When the millimeter-wave radar detects a high risk of collision, the Pre-Crash Seatbelts provide better initial restraint capabilities for passengers while the Pre-Crash Brake Assist System decelerates the vehicle to reduce the collision speed and contribute to less damage induced by collision. The new Radar Cruise Control system detects and monitors the preceding vehicle and the lane, maintaining a fixed distance according to the preceding vehicle's speed within a preset range of speed.

Reception

Reception for the Corolla has been overall mixed. Motor Trend stated that "The Car's body style is still outdated and looks the same as the ninth generation." Others praised Toyota for the new look and style.

Motorsport

The team apr participated in GT300 class of Super GT, replaced their MR-S with a midshiped Axio E141 in 2009 season.[16]

References

Gallery

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