Toyota Carina

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Toyota Carina
Toyota Carina 1600 GT
Automotive industryToyota
Production1970-2000
SuccessorToyota Allion
Car classificationCompact
RelatedToyota Corona

The Toyota Carina was a Japanese compact car, initially launched in 1970 and exported to Europe, the USA and UK. It finished production in 2000 as a mid-sized four-door sedan sold in the Japanese market. It was typically marketed as a four-door version of the Celica. Over time, it became a sister car to the Corona but was sportier, with distinctive bodywork and interior—aimed at the youth market and generally filling a niche between the Corolla and Corona. At that point it was replaced by the Allion.

The Carina name has been used in markets other than the USA at various times to represent other cars, usually the Corona. However, the Japanese-market Carina was a different car entirely.

According to the Toyota Carina article in Japanese Wikipedia, the inspiration for the name Carina came from the Carina (constellation).

Contents

First generation (1970-1977) A10 series


Toyota Carina TA12 (1971)

The first-generation Carina was manufactured in 1970 (and launched in the UK in October 1971).[1] It was also exported to the US, but sales volumes were disappointing. US exports stopped after only 2 years.

The following details applied to models landed in the UK:[1]

  • 1971 1588-cc OHV engine, 4-speed gearbox and front-wheel disc brakes.
  • 1972 Revised body details, new rear light cluster and filler cap repositioned in rear quarter panel, restyled front grille and fascia.
  • 1974 Revised specification including sealed cooling system, improved brakes, restyled wheels with flared wheel arches, and restyled interior fittings.
  • 1976 New front and rear-end styling, dual-line braking system with servo and a repositioned handbrake and gear lever. Wheelbase was increased slightly.

Second generation (1977-1981) A40 Series


Second generation
The 1978 Toyota Carina 1600 sedan, as exported to the UK in right-hand-drive format.
Production1977–1981
Transmission (mechanics)4-Manual transmission / 5-Manual transmission
3-Automatic transmission / 4-Automatic transmission
Wheelbase2500 mm (98.4 in)
Length4230 mm (166.5 in)
Width1630 mm (64.2 in)
Height1390 mm (54.7 in)
Curb weight995 kg (2194 lb)

The following details applied to models landed in the UK:[1]

  • 1978 New model introduced with restyled body and completely new interior. Automatic transmission option available. The car was fitted with the same 2T motor as the Celica 1970-77 1600-cc models
    Carina estate car introduced with heavy-duty leaf-spring rear suspension.
  • 1980 All models have revised front- and rear-end styling and lighting equipment, also improved interior specification.
  • 1981 All models except estate car fitted with 5-speed gearbox as standard, with automatic transmission option.

Third generation (1981-1988) A60 Series


Third generation
Production1981–1988
Transmission (mechanics)4-Manual transmission / 5-Manual transmission
3-Automatic transmission / 4-Automatic transmission
Wheelbase2500 mm (98.4 in)
Length4390 mm (172.8 in) - 4470 mm (176 in)
Width1650 mm (65 in)
Height1365 mm (53.7 in) - 1400 mm (55.1 in)
Curb weight995 kg (2194 lb) - 1135 kg (2502 lb)

Fourth generation (1984-1988) T150 series

Starting from the fourth Generation, the Carina uses the Corona platform for four-door sedans. The Carina RWD platform of 2-door coupes, Surf, and Carina Van continued to use the A series platform until 1988.

Carina II

For the European market, the Carina II was the Eighth Generation Toyota Corona.

Carina ED

Fifth generation (1988-1992) T170 series

Fifth generation
Toyota Carina 1990.jpg
Production1988–1992
Transmission (mechanics)5-Manual transmission/ 4-Automatic transmission
Wheelbase2525 mm (99.4 in)
Length4380 mm (172.4 in)
Width1690 mm (66.5 in)
Height1370 mm (53.9 in)
Curb weight1060 kg (2337 lb)

Corona EXiV

A sister car was introduced as the Corona Exiv. In 1992, Toyota repeated the product planning on a Corolla-based hardtop, the Sprinter Marino and Corolla Ceres.

Sixth generation (1992-1996) T190 series

Sixth generation
1994 Toyota Carina
Production1992–1996
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
Automobile layoutFront-engine design, Front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Transmission (mechanics)5-Manual transmission/ 6-Manual transmission/4-Automatic transmission
Wheelbase2580 mm (101.6 in)
Length4450 mm (175.2 in)
Width1695 mm (66.7 in)
Height1400 mm (55.1 in)
Curb weight1150 kg (2535 lb)

In 1993 the Celica, Carina ED and Exiv were redesigned similar to the larger Toyota JZX90 Mark II, after which the product names were discontinued in 1998.

T190 early model

Carina E

The Carina E was the European version of the Ninth Generation Corona.

Seventh generation (1996-2001) T210 series

Seventh generation
1996 Toyota Carina 1600 GT
Production1996–2001
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
Automobile layoutFront-engine design, Front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Transmission (mechanics)5-Manual transmission/ 4-Automatic transmission
Wheelbase2580 mm (101.6 in)
Length4450 mm (175.2 in)
Width1695 mm (66.7 in)
Height1395 mm (54.9 in)
Curb weight1110 kg (2447 lb)
KURO head

In 1996, a GT version was reintroduced with a 5-valve-A-cylindered "KURO head" (means "black head") 4A-GE engine and 5-speed C56 manual transmission. In 1998, the GT was equipped with a 6-speed C160 manual transmission.

European Confusion

In 1984 in Europe, the Carina was replaced by the Corona but rebadged as the "Carina II". This continued with the new model introduced in 1988 and, subsequently, the "Carina E" introduced in 1992 was also a Corona, as was a so-called "Avensis" which replaced it in 1997. In 2003, this was in turn replaced by the car badged also in Japan as the Avensis.

Trivia

The Carina has developed a strong cult following in parts of the North and West of Ireland, particularly County Donegal, with the "Carina II" especially popular.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Car Repair Manual–Carina/Celica. Maidenhead, Berkshire, UK.: Autodata. pp. 6–7, History and Identification. (1981). 
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