Toyota Camry Hybrid

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Toyota Camry Hybrid
Toyota Camry Hybrid (US)
Automotive industryToyota
Production2007–present
AssemblyGeorgetown, Kentucky, United States
Toyota City, Japan
Chachoengsao, Thailand
Altona, Victoria, Australia
Car classificationMid-size (2007-present)
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
Internal combustion engine2.4 L Straight-4 2AZ-FXE Atkinson cycle gasoline engine
Transmission (mechanics)Continuously variable transmission
Wheelbase109.3 in (2776 mm)
Length189.2 in (4806 mm)
Width71.7 in (1821 mm)
Height57.5 in (1461 mm)
Fuel capacity65.1 L (17.2 Gallon)
RelatedToyota Camry
Lexus RX
Lexus ES
Toyota Highlander
Toyota Sienna
Toyota Camry Solara

The Toyota Camry Hybrid is a Hybrid vehicle version of the Camry sedan. The Toyota Camry Hybrid was introduced in May 2006 and has estimated U.S. sales of 60,000 per year, or 15 percent of total Camry sales.[1]

The Camry Hybrid was voted 2007 Car of the Year in the Family Sedan (over $30k) category by the Automobile Journalists Association of Canada (AJAC).

Contents

Specifications


Powertrain

The Toyota Camry Hybrid utilizes a Straight-4 gasoline engine with 108 kW (147 Horsepower) and 187 Nm (138 Ft·lbf) and 650V electric motors with a Nickel metal hydride battery 245V traction battery with a maximum output of 29 kW (40 hp) to produce a peak of 140 kW (187 hp).[2]

EPA fuel economy estimates for the 2007 Toyota Camry Hybrid are 40 MPG (City) and 38 MPG (Highway). EPA’s revised method of estimating fuel economy for 2008 and subsequent model years, which now considers the effects of air conditioning, rapid acceleration and cold temperatures, estimates 33 MPG (City) and 34 MPG (Highway).[3]

Unique features

Several features are unique to the hybrid model. Two of these features, LED tail lights[4] and an "ECO" operating mode for the HVAC system, reduce energy consumption. Other such features include:

  • Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management [VDIM][5]
  • Climate Control (HVAC) system which can function when ICE (Internal combustion engine) is off.
  • Coefficient of aerodynamic drag (Drag coefficient) reducing wheel spats and underbody pans (Cd for Camry Hybrid is 0.27)

The hybrid model has a special chrome-lined grille, as opposed to the color-coded ones on every other Camry trim. Other special features include "HYBRID" emblems on front fenders and an "HSD" (Hybrid Synergy Drive) emblem on the rear decklid. Furthermore, the white reverse lights on the rear of the hybrid model are boomerang-shaped, while the ones on other trims are straight.

Introduction and death of lead engineer


The Toyota Camry Hybrid received its North American North American International Auto Show at the 2006 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan.

The lead engineer responsible for the development of the hybrid model died of Ischaemic heart disease in January 2006 at the age of 45; his daughter found him dead the day before he was scheduled to fly to the United States for the new model's introduction.[6] In July 2008 the Aichi Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (Japan) ruled his death was due to overwork (Karōshi). He had worked over 160 hours of overtime in the two months prior to his death.[6]

Manufacturing


The Toyota Camry Hybrid is produced in Georgetown, Kentucky and in Tsunami, Japan.

Toyota Motor Corporation Australia has confirmed that it will build the Toyota Camry Hybrid for the Australian market after months of lobbying the Australian government for incentives to produce the next generation Hybrid.[7] It will be built at Toyota's Altona, Victoria production facility in Victoria. The Australian government will give a subsidy of $35m for its production.[8] It could also expect to build the next generation Toyota Camry Hybrid in 2011 for the Asian market.[9]

Toyota will also build the Toyota Camry Hybrid at Toyota Motor Thailand's Gateway plant in Chachoengsao beginning 2009.[10]

It is expected that the next generation Toyota Camry Hybrid will utilize the third generation Hybrid Synergy Drive that will debut in the 2009 Toyota Prius.

Tax incentives

For U.S. purchasers, a U.S. tax credit of $2,600 was available for purchases prior to September 30, 2006. Taxpayers could claim 50 percent of the credit, $1,300, between October 1, 2006 and March 31, 2007 and 25 percent of the credit, $650, for the fourth and fifth calendar quarters (April to September 2007). No credit is allowed after the fifth quarter.[11][12]

Residents in Ontario[13] and Quebec[14], Canada can claim a rebate on the Provincial Retail Sales Tax of up to $2000 CDN on the purchase or lease of a hybrid vehicle, and Federal Transport Canada can claim a rebate of $1500 CDN[15].

Use in HOV and carpool lanes

Because it does not achieve an EPA estimate of 45 mpg, the Camry hybrid does not meet the requirements to drive in California carpool lanes with only one passenger. Virginia qualified Camry hybrids for HOV exemption, but they must be specially tagged by June 30, 2006 to be eligible for Interstate 95 in Virginia & Interstate 395 (District of Columbia-Virginia) exemption. Exemption for Interstate 66 and Virginia State Route 267 HOV usage continues even for registrations beyond June 30.

As of July 29, 2005 Arizona Revised Statutes from the 47th session Chapters 28-2416 and 28-737 allow hybrid vehicles that have been approved by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as meeting, at a minimum, the United States environmental protection agency ultralow emission vehicle standard with a $8.00 special plates/hybrid sticker that is displayed on said vehicle to use the High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes regardless of the number of passengers. Arizona has not instituted this policy as it is awaiting clarification of the federal Hybrid HOV waiver from the EPA. On January 16, 2006 SB 1179 was introduced that would reaffirm the HOV benefit, pending federal clearance.

US Sales

Calendar Year Sales[16]
2006 31,341
2007 54,477
2008 46,272

Aftermarket upgrades

Upgrades for the Toyota Camry Hybrid are similar to those of Plug-in hybrid which include extra batteries, chargers and solar panels.

Other available upgrades are aftermarket body kits which include side skirts and front/rear bumpers. The camry hybrid also comes with a rear spoiler, but it can be replaced with an aftermarket one as well

Since the camry hybrid has such an integrated engine with both gas and electric components, unfortunately the engine upgrades on the vehicle are limited.

50th Anniversary Edition

To commemorate 50 years of Toyota sales in the United States (Toyota Motor Sales began operating on October 31, 1957), Toyota built a special edition 2007 Camry Hybrid. The 50th Anniversary Edition is limited to 3,000 units, and features unique wheels and badging. It comes only in Blizzard Pearl and has a base price of $31,680.[17]

See also

References

Specific references:

General references:

External links

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