List of Toyota engines

From Toyota Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search

Toyota Motor Corporation has produced a wide variety of Automobile engines. The company follows a simple naming system for their modern engines:

  1. The first numeric characters specify the engine block's generation
  2. The next one or two letters specify the engine family
  3. The suffix (separated by a dash) specifies the features of the engine:
Suffix Feature
AValvematic variable lift intake head
BTwin SU-style side-draft Carburetor
CCarburated / California Emissions Controlled
DTwin Downdraft Carburetor
EElectronic Fuel injection
FEconomy narrow-angle valve DOHC
GPerformance wide-angle valve DOHC
HHigh compression like 9.8:1 (example: 5E-FHE)
High pressure charged (example: 2L-THE)
ISingle-point Fuel injection
JAutochoke (Early models) or unknown pollution control
LTransverse engine
MPhilippines' market (meaning unknown)
NCNG fuel
PLPG fuel
RLow Compression (For 87 and below octane fuel)
SSwirl Intake manifold (1980s)
SE Direct injection (1990s)
TTurbocharged
UWith Catalytic converter Japan-spec emissions
VCommon Rail (D-4D)
XAtkinson cycle (typically also indicates a Hybrid engine, as Toyota only uses the Atkinson cycle with hybrids)
ZSupercharged

For Example

  • 4A-GE

4 - 4th Generation Engine In The A Engine Family
A - The Engine Family it is in
G - Wide-angle dual camshaft
E - Electronically Fuel Injected

  • 22R-TEC

22 - 22nd Generation Engine In The R Engine Family
R - The Engine Family it is in
T - Turbocharged
E - Electronically Fuel Injected
C - California Emission Controlled

  • Note:<b/> Toyota, in 1987, began assigning dual letter engine codes to some of the "engine family" categories in some engine lines, particularly six cylinder models. This can create potential confusion. Eg. 1UZ-FE - This is not a supercharged, narrow angle, fuel injected U-series engine, but a narrow angle, fuel injected UZ-series engine. Confusion is easiest to avoid when using the dash to separate between the engine series and its own characteristics: for instance, 1UZ-FE rather than 1U-ZFE


Contents

Gasoline/Petrol


Flat-twin

  • 1961 - U
    • 1961-1966 - 697 cc U
    • 1965-1969 - 790 cc 2U
    • 1966-1976 - 790 cc 2U-B

Straight-3

  • 2004 - KR - DOHC
    • 2004 - 1.0 L (998 cc) 1KR

Straight-4

  • 1939 - Type C - Overhead valve
    • 1939-1941 - 2.3 L (2259 cc) C
  • 1947 - Toyota Type S engine - Overhead valve
    • 1947-? - 1.0 L (995 cc) S
  • 1953 - R - Overhead valve/SOHC/DOHC
    • 1953-1964 - 1.5 L (1453 cc) R
    • 1964-1969 - 1.5 L (1490 cc) 2R
    • 1959-1968 - 1.9 L (1897 cc) 3R
    • 1965-1968 - 1.6 L (1587 cc) 4R
    • 1968-1986 - 2.0 L (1994 cc) 5R
    • 1969-1974 - 1.7 L (1707 cc) 6R
    • 1968-1970 - 1.6 L (1591 cc) 7R
    • 1968-1972 - 1.9 L (1858 cc) 8R
    • 1967-1968 - 1.6 L (1587 cc) 9R
    • 1968-1971 - 1.9 L (1858 cc) 10R
    • 1969-1988 - 1.6 L (1587 cc) 12R
    • 1974-1980 - 1.8 L (1808 cc) 16R
    • 1971-1982 - 2.0 L (1968 cc) 18R
    • 1975-1977 - 2.0 L (1968 cc) 19R
    • 1974-1980 - 2.2 L (2189 cc) 20R
    • 1978-1987 - 2.0 L (1972 cc) 21R
    • 1980-1995 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R
  • 1959 - P
    • 1959-1961 - 1.0 L (997 cc) P
    • 1961-1972 - 1.2 L (1198 cc) 2P
    • 1972-1979 - 1.3 L (1345 cc) 3P
  • 1966 - K - Overhead valve
    • 1966-1969 - 1.1 L (1077 cc) K
    • 1969-1988 - 1.0 L (993 cc) 2K
    • 1969-1979 - 1.2 L (1166 cc) 3K
    • 1978-1989 - 1.3 L (1290 cc) 4K
    • 1983-1989 - 1.5 L (1496 cc) 5K
    • 1998-1998 - 1.8 L (1781 cc) 7K
  • 1970 - T - Overhead valve/DOHC
    • 1970-1979 - 1.4 L (1407 cc) T
    • 1970-1985 - 1.6 L (1588 cc) 2T
    • 1977-1985 - 1.8 L (1770 cc) 3T
    • 1970-1983 - 1.6 L (1588 cc) 12T
    • 1977-1982 - 1.8 L (1770 cc) 13T
  • 1978 - A - SOHC/DOHC
    • 1978-1979 - 1.5 L (1452 cc) 1A
    • 1979-1986 - 1.3 L (1295 cc) 2A
    • 1979-1988 - 1.5 L (1452 cc) 3A
    • 1980-1998 - 1.6 L (1587 cc) 4A
    • 1987-1998 - 1.5 L (1498 cc) 5A
    • 1989-1992 - 1.4 L (1397 cc) 6A
    • 1993-1998 - 1.8 L (1762 cc) 7A
    • 2004 - 1.3 L (1342 cc) 8A
  • 1982 - S - SOHC/DOHC
    • 1982-1988 - 1.8 L (1832 cc) 1S
    • 1982-1987 - 2.0 L (1995 cc) 2S
    • 1985-2005 - 2.0 L (1998 cc) 3S
    • 1987-1998 - 1.8 L (1838 cc) 4S
    • 1990-1995 - 2.2 L (2164 cc) 5S
  • 1982 - Y
    • 1982 - 1.6 L (1626 cc) 1Y
    • 1982 - 1.8 L (1812 cc) 2Y
    • 1982-1998 - 2.0 L (1998 cc) 3Y
    • 1985-1993 - 2.2 L (2237 cc) 4Y
  • 1985 - E - SOHC/DOHC
    • 1985-1994 - 1.0 L (999 cc) 1E
    • 1985-1998 - 1.3 L (1295 cc) 2E
    • 1986-1994 - 1.5 L (1456 cc) 3E
    • 1989-1998 - 1.3 L (1331 cc) 4E
    • 1991-1998 - 1.5 L (1497 cc) 5E
  • 1990 - TZ - DOHC
    • 1990-2000 - 2.4 L (2438 cc) 2TZ
  • 1997 - ZZ - DOHC
    • 1997 - 1.8 L (1794 cc) 1ZZ
    • 1999-2006 - 1.8 L (1796 cc) 2ZZ
    • 2000 - 1.6 L (1598 cc) 3ZZ
    • 2000 - 1.4 L (1398 cc) 4ZZ
  • 1998 - RZ - SOHC/DOHC
    • 1998 - 2.0 L (1998 cc) 1RZ
    • 1995 - 2.4 L (2400 cc) 2RZ
    • 1995 - 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ
  • 1999 - SZ - DOHC (by Daihatsu)
    • 1999 - 1 L (997 cc) 1SZ
    •  ? - 1.3 L (1298 cc) 2SZ
    • 2006 - 1.5 L (1495 cc) 3SZ
  • 1997 - NZ - DOHC
    • 1997 - 1.5 L (1496 cc) 1NZ
    • 1999 - 1.3 L (1298 cc) 2NZ
  • 2000 - AZ - DOHC
    • 2000 - 2.0 L (1998 cc) 1AZ
    • 2000 - 2.4 L (2362 cc) 2AZ
  • 2003 - TR - DOHC
    • 2003 - 2.0 L (1998 cc) 1TR
    • 2003 - 2.7 L (2694 cc) 2TR
  • 2007 - ZR - DOHC
    • 2007 - 1.6 L (1598 cc) 1ZR
    • 2007 - 1.8 L (1797 cc) 2ZR
    • 2007 - 2.0 L (1986 cc) 3ZR
  • 2009 - AR - DOHC
    • 2009 - 2.5 L 1AR
    • 2009 - 2.7 L 2AR

Straight-6

  • 1935 - Type A - Overhead valve
    • 1935-1943 - 3.4 L (3389 cc) A
  • 1937 - Type B - Overhead valve
    • 1937-? - 3.4 L (3389 cc) B
  • 1948 - F - Overhead valve
    • 1948-1975 - 3.9 L (3878 cc) F
    • 1975-1987 - 4.2 L (4230 cc) 2F
    • 1985-1992 - 4.0 L (3956 cc) 3F
  • 1965 - M - SOHC/DOHC
    • 1965-1985 - 2.0 L (1988 cc) M
    • 1966-1972 - 2.3 L (2253 cc) 2M
    • 1966-1971 - 2.0 L (1988 cc) 3M
    • 1972-1980 - 2.6 L (2563 cc) 4M
    • 1979-1988 - 2.8 L (2759 cc) 5M
    • 1984-1987 - 3.0 L (2954 cc) 6M
    • 1986-1992 - 3.0 L (2954 cc) 7M
  • 1979 - G - SOHC/DOHC
    • 1979 - 2.0 L (1988 cc) 1G
  • 1993 - Toyota FZ engine - DOHC
    • 1993- 4.5 L (4477 cc) 1FZ
  • 1990 - JZ - DOHC
    • 1990 - 2.5 L (2491 cc) 1JZ
    • 1993 - 3.0 L (2997 cc) 2JZ

V6

  • 1987 - VZ - DOHC
    • 1987 - 2.0 L (1992 cc) 1VZ
    • 1987-1991 - 2.5 L (2496 cc) 2VZ
    • 1987-1997 - 3.0 L (2958 cc) 3VZ
    • 1993-1998 - 2.5 L (2496 cc) 4VZ
    • 1995-2004 - 3.4 L (3378 cc) 5VZ
  • 1994 - MZ - DOHC
    • 1994 - 3.0 L (2995 cc) 1MZ
    • 1998 - 2.5 L (2496 cc) 2MZ
    • 2003 - 3.3 L (3310 cc) 3MZ
  • 2003 - GR - DOHC/VVT-i
    • 2002 - 4.0 L (3955 cc) 1GR
    • 2006 - 3.5 L (3456 cc) 2GR
    • 2003 - 3.0 L (2994 cc) 3GR
    • 2006 - 2.5 L (2499 cc) 4GR

V8

  • 1963 - V - Overhead valve
    • 1963-1967 - 2.6 L (2599 cc) V
    • 1967-1973 - 3.0 L (2981 cc) 3V
    • 1973-1983 - 3.4 L (3376 cc) 4V
    • 1983-1998 - 4.0 L (3995 cc) 5V
  • 1989 - UZ - DOHC
    • 1989 - 4.0 L (3969 cc) 1UZ
    • 1998 - 4.7 L (4663 cc) 2UZ
    • 2000 - 4.3 L (4300 cc) 3UZ
  • 2006 - UR - DOHC/VVT-i
    • 2006 - 4.6 L (4608 cc) 1UR
    • 2007 - 5.0 L (4969 cc) 2UR
    • 2007 - 5.7 L (5663 cc) 3UR

V12

  • 1997 - GZ - DOHC
    • 1997 - 5.0 L (4996 cc) 1GZ-FE

Diesel


Straight-4

  • 1974 - B Second gen. - Overhead valve/SOHC
    • 1972-1988 - 3.0 L (2977 cc) B
    • 1977-1982 - 3.2 L (3168 cc) 2B
    • 1980-1990 - 3.4 L (3431 cc) 3B
    • 1984-???? - 3.0 L (2977 cc) 11B
    • 1984-1990 - 3.4 L (3431 cc) 13B
    • 1988-???? - 3.7 L (3660 cc) 14B
    • 1996-2002 - 4.1 L (4104 cc) 15B
  • 1980 - L - SOHC
    • 1977-1983 - 2.2 L (2188 cc) L
    • 1980-200? - 2.4 L (2446 cc) 2L
    • 19??-2006 - 2.4 L (2446 cc) 2L-II change rocker arm to direct tappet drive
    • 1989-20?? - 2.4 L (2446 cc) 2L-E
    • 1991-1997 - 2.8 L (2779 cc) 3L
    • 1997-???? - 3.0 L (2986 cc) 5L
  • 1984 - C Third gen. - SOHC
    • 1984-1992 - 1.8 L (1839 cc) 1C
    • 1984-2000 - 2.0 L (1974 cc) 2C
    • 1994-2002 - 2.2 L (2184 cc) 3C
  • 1986 - N - SOHC
    • 1986-19?? - 1.4 L (1453 cc) 1N
  • 1993 - KZ - SOHC
    • 1993-? - 3.0 L (2982 cc) 1KZ
  • 2000 - Toyota CD engine - DOHC
    • 2000-2006 2.0 L (1995 cc) 1CD-FTV
  • 2001 - ND - DOHC
    • 2001- 1.4 L (1364 cc) 1ND-TV
  • 2001 - KD - DOHC
    • 2001- 2.5 L (2494 cc) 2KD-FTV
    • 2001- 3.0 L (2982 cc) 1KD-FTV
  • 2005 - AD - DOHC
    • 2005- 2.2 L (2231 cc) 2AD-FTV
    • 2005- 2.2 L (2231 cc) 2AD-FHV
    • 2006- 2.0 L (1998 cc) 1AD-FTV

Straight-5

  • 1989 - PZ - SOHC
    • 1990-1994? - 3.5 L (3469 cc) 1PZ

Straight-6

  • 1956- Toyota D engine - Overhead valve
    • 1956-??? 5.9 liter 1D
    • 1962-??? 6.5 liter 2D
  • 1967 - H - Overhead valve
    •  ???-??? - 3.6 L (3576 cc) H
    • 1980-1990 - 4.0 L (3980 cc) 2H
    • 1986-1990 - 4.0 L (3980 cc) 12HT
  • 1990 - HD - SOHC
    • 1989-1995 4.2 L (4164 cc) 1HD-T
    • 1995-1997 4.2 L (4164 cc) 1HD-FT
    • 1997- 4.2 L (4164 cc) 1HD-FTE
  • 1990 - HZ - SOHC
    • 1989- 4.2 L (4163 cc) 1HZ

V8

  • 2007 - VD - DOHC
    • 2007- 4.5 L (4461 cc) 1VD-FTV

References


Toyota has not published an explanation of the codes used for engine features. Matti Kalalahti derived a list of engine feature codes and published them on his "Engine codes explained" web page in Oct 1999.

External links

Personal tools